Brazil is a massive country, almost twenty four times the size for Germany. And to fly from one end to the other takes one hour longer than from New York to London.
So, when describing Brazil, the first word that comes to mind is big. The second is diverse. It describes the variety of geographic and climate conditions; the people who came in various waves of immigration to massively out-number the indigenous peoples; and cultural diversity, a consequence of the size of the country and immigration.
Whilst diverse in many ways, the country is united in others. For a continent that is massively larger than Europe it is surprising that one language, Portuguese, is spoken by the whole population. Certain passions also act as bonds: the passion for carnival, for football and for music. These features dominate the rhythm and energy of life, give it colour, stir passions, and make it such an exciting place to be.
Brazil has 26 states in 5 regions.
The North is the most unexplored part of the country, famous for the Amazon forest which represents over half of the planet's remaining rainforest and comprises the largest and most species-rich tract of tropical rainforest in the world.
The Amazon is perfect for those who want close contact with nature, and the many comfortable, even luxurious, hotels in the jungle mean this is possible without to much sacrifice.
The most important cities in the region are Manaus the capital of the region and Belém, often called the “gateway to the Amazon”.
The Northeast of Brazil has a spectacular coastline with many of the best beaches in Brazil. It also benefits from a tropical climate and a twelve-month summer. It was the region where the first Portuguese settlers arrived, and the major cities in the region today were also the biggest then. Salvador was first capital city of Brazil, and the cities of Recife, and nearby Olinda, were major commercial centers due to the thriving sugar cane business.
Each of the major cities, and several of the smaller ones, in the region have spectacular examples of colonial architecture with a strong tropical feel. Several buildings, and areas, are considered to be of great cultural and historic importance by organisations such as UNESCO.
Great beaches, amazing weather and cities of great interest are accompanied by areas of outstanding natural beauty, such as the tropical island atoll and nature reserve, Fernando do Noronha, a perfect destination for diving or surfing.
The Central West Region is the heart of Brazil geographically. It is most famously the home of the country's capital, Brazilia, since the 1960´s.
Tourism in the region includes the capital city itself, with its architecture by Oscar Neimeyer, the country's most famous architect, and, by contrast, the colonial architecture of historic cities like Pirenópolis. But the region is also famous for eco-tourism, where visitors can enjoy the region's rich fauna and flora, plus spectacular landscapes.
Amongst the areas of natural beauty are Pantanal, Alta Floresta, Bonito, the Chapada dos Guimarães national park and the Chapada dos Veadeiros national park.
The Southeast Region of Brazil includes the states of Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. It is the richest region of the country in terms of wealth. From a tourist perspective the area is also rich in history and culture, magnificent coastlines and areas of natural beauty. It has national parks and famous cities with iconic attractions such as Sugar Loaf Mountain and the statue of Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro.
The Southern Region of Brazil is the smallest region in the country, but is an important economic and cultural center with a lot of interest for tourists. It borders Uruguay, Argentina, and Paraguay, as well as the Central West and Southeast Regions of Brazil, and the Atlantic Ocean. Large numbers of European immigrants during the 19th century have had a large influence on region and culture.
The areas of greatest interest to tourists include the capital city Curitiba, the coastal city Florianopolis, and Foz do Iguaçu region with the magnificent Iguaçu Falls.
Cruises To Brazil
Duque de Caxias
Jaboatão dos Guararapes
Rio de Janeiro
São Bernardo do Campo
São José dos Campos